KGlobal Group of Companies
Volume 5: the Myer’s-Briggs Personality
The Myer’s-Briggs Personality
The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Personality Type Instrument (MBTI) personality assessment is to make the theory of psychological types described by C. G. Jung understandable and useful in people's lives. The essence of the theory is that much seemingly random variation in the behavior is actually quite orderly and consistent, being due to basic differences in the ways individuals prefer to use their perception and judgment.
Myers-Briggs Personality Type Instrument (MBTI) personality assessment is the most widely used personality instrument in history. Based on 70 years of research and development, the MBTI tool has a sound and proven record as a successful instrument in the field of human psychology and development. As such, it has worldwide acceptance as the gold standard of personality assessments. The MBTI has been translated into 23 different languages and is the most widely used instrument in the world for understanding differences, with well over 1 million yearly global administrations.
In essence, the MBTI instrument is:
- An assessment that gives people access to their psychological type, or the way in which they process information
- A self-report questionnaire, the results of which are validated by the person taking the instrument
- A non-judgmental assessment that has no right or wrong answers
- Constructed using questions that have been researched and tested to accurately indicate innate preferences or mental patterns on four dichotomies resulting in 16 different personality types
The MBTI Type Indicator maintains its commanding popularity among psychological instruments because it has a strong theoretical foundation and is a sound and researched model.
The MBTI questionnaire and psychological type are valuable tools in any human situation or interaction. Millions of people worldwide who have taken the assessment have not only had the “aha” experience of validating who they really are, but have come to a profound understanding of the why behind their behavior. The MBTI inventory and knowledge of ones’ type:
- Promotes self-awareness and personal choice
- Helps to identify differences between normal healthy individuals
- Fosters appreciation for differences between people
- Assists in identifying unique gifts and areas for growth and development
- Promotes understanding and effective cooperation between people
- Facilitates individuals and groups to make constructive use of these differences
In developing the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator [instrument], the aim of Isabel Briggs Myers, and her mother, Katharine Briggs, was to make the insights of type theory accessible to individuals and groups. They addressed the two related goals in the developments and application of the MBTI instrument:
The identification of basic preferences of each of the four dichotomies specified or implicit in Jung's theory.
The identification and description of the 16 distinctive personality types that result from the interactions among the preferences:
- Excerpted with permission from the MBTI Manual: A Guide to the Development and Use of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
- Favorite world: Do you prefer to focus on the outer world or on your own inner world? This is called Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I)
- Information: Do you prefer to focus on the basic information you take in or do you prefer to interpret and add meaning? This is called Sensing (S) or Intuition (N)
- Decisions: When making decisions, do you prefer to first look at logic and consistency or first look at the people and special circumstances? This is called Thinking (T) or Feeling (F)
- Structure: In dealing with the outside world, do you prefer to get things decided or do you prefer to stay open to new information and options? This is called Judging (J) or Perceiving (P)
- Your Personality Type: When you decide on your preference in each category, you have your own personality type, which can be expressed as a code with four letters.